European Languages

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We have translators and interpreters from all across Europe, allowing us to provide language services for dozens of languages. Our translators always translate into their mother-tongue ensuring that you receive a precise and accurate translation. Look through our list of languages from across Europe and its borders to see some of our more popular European languages. 



























About European Languages

Most European languages are part of the Indo-European language family, with 94% of of the European population speaking an Indo-European language as their native tongue. The Indo-European languages can be divided into the Romance, Germanic and Slavic languages. With each having more than 200 million speakers, these languages account for 90% of Europeans.

Romance Languages

The Romance languages include French, Italian, Spanish, Romanian and Portuguese among others. These decend from varieties of Vulgar Latin spoken in parts of the Roman Empire. These languages account for the native languages of around 215 million Europeans, mainly in Western and Southern Europe.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic Languages include German, English, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian and Icelandic among others. The Germanic languages are spoken as a native tongue by approximately 210 million Europeans. It is one of the most common language families in Western, Northern and Central Europe. 

Slavic Languages

The Slavic Languages include Russian, Polish, Ukrainian, Czech, Bulgarian and others. In Europe 250 million people are native speakers of a Slavic language, the largest of which is Russia with 110 million native speakers. Slavic languages can be found in Southern Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Russia and the Balkans. 

Other European Languages

There are 45 million Europeans who speak non-Indo-European languages. This includes the Uralic, Turkic and Basque language families as well as the languages of Caucasus. Around 4% of the European population speaks an African or Asian language as their native tongue, most commonly Arabic. See our page on Asian and African languages for more information.

Uralic Languages

The Uralic languages include Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian and a number of other languages that are spoken in the northern regions of Russia. These languages originate from around the Ural Mountains and are spoken most commonly within Northern Europe.  This language family includes 38 different languages, spoken by 25 million people across Eurasia. 

Turkic Languages

Turkic languages include Turkish, Azerbaijani, Gagauz and 33 other languages. Turkic languages are spoken all across Eurasia, from Eastern Europe to Western Asia. Globally, 170 million people speak a Turkic language as their native language and account for only 40% of all Turkic speakers. In Europe, Turkic languages can be found mainly in the Balkans and Russia.

Other Languages

Other non-Indo-European languages include the Basque language in Northeast Spain, the North Caucasian languages found in Caucasus and Turkey and Maltese spoken in Malta. There are also many more groups of Indo-European languages, accounting for at least 25 million Europeans. These include the Hellenic, Baltic, Albanian, Indo-Aryan and Celtic languages. 

Translating European Languages

Five languages in Europe have more than 50 million speakers, these languages are French, Italian, German, English and Russian. Each of these languages have been a lingua franca across various parts of Europe over its history, bridging language gaps. They are still commonly learnt as second or third languages across Europe.

This makes these languages well suited for translating documents that need to be understood by a large audience. Instruction manuals, marketing materials and websites can all reach a large European audience through these five languages alone. 

Can’t Find a Language?

While only 24 languages are officially recognised by the European Union, there are more than 200 languages spoken in Europe, not all of these are featured on our website.  However at Translate UK we pride ourselves on being able to handle even the most obscure language.

Even if you can’t find a language on our website, we can still help you meet this language need. We can find you a linguist with the skills to translate any European language, no matter how obscure. Contact us today for further information.

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